Wednesday, August 14, 2013

Zhou Guangzhao, Chinese Academy of Sciences President

Zhou Guangzhao (Chinese: 周光召) (born 1929) is a Chinese physicist.

Early life and education[edit source | edit]

Zhou Guangzhao was born on May 15, 1929 in Changsha, the capital of Hunan province. He was the 5th child of the civil engineer Zhou Fengjiu, and the younger brother of Chinese biochemist/geneticist Zhou Guangyu. He graduated from Tsinghua University in 1951, and then did graduate work in theoretical physics for three years at Beijing University. He stayed at Beijing Univ. on the faculty after completing his PhD. In 1957 he was sent to the USSR by the Chinese Atomic Energy Research Institute to work at the Dubna Joint Institute for Nuclear Research.

Professional career[edit source | edit]

Zhou returned to China in 1960, where he worked on the Chinese nuclear weapons program, ultimately becoming director of the Chinese Nuclear Weapons Research Institute. He was elected to the Chinese Academy of Sciences and later became the Vice President (1984–1987) and President (1987–1997) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.
Zhou's theoretical work focuses on particle physics. He is credited for the discovery of PCAC (partial conservation of axial current), an important step toward the understanding of symmetry breaking.
He first visited the US in 1979. In the 1980s he spent time as a visiting researcher at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and at the European Organization for Nuclear Research in Switzerland. He was elected to the US National Academies of Science in 1987.

Misc.[edit source | edit]

The asteroid 3462 Zhouguangzhao is named for him.

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