Wednesday, March 29, 2017

A00694 - Roger Wilkins, Civil Rights Activist

Roger Wilkins (March 25, 1932 – March 26, 2017) was an African-American civil rights leader, professor of history, and journalist.

Biography[edit]

Wilkins was born in Kansas CityMissouri, on March 25, 1932,[1] and grew up in Michigan. He was educated at Crispus Attucks Elementary School[2] in Kansas City, Missouri, then Creston High School in Grand Rapids, Michigan. Wilkins received his undergraduate degree in 1953 and LL.B. in 1956 both from the University of Michigan, where he interned with the NAACP and was a member of the senior leadership society, Michigamua.[3]

Career[edit]

Wilkins worked as a welfare lawyer in Ohio before becoming an Assistant Attorney General in President Lyndon B. Johnson's administration at age 33, one of the highest-ranking blacks ever to serve in the executive branch up to that time.
Roger Wilkins was sworn in as Director of Community Relations Service on Friday 4 February 1966 in a ceremony at The White House as per page 2 of President Johnson's Diary for that day.[4]
Leaving government in 1969 at the end of the Johnson administration, he worked briefly for the Ford Foundation before joining the editorial staff of the Washington Post.
Along with Carl BernsteinHerbert Block ("Herblock"), and Bob Woodward, Wilkins earned a Pulitzer Prize in 1973 for exposing the Watergate scandal that eventually forced President Richard Nixon's resignation from office. He left the Post in 1974 to work for the New York Times, followed five years later by a brief stay at the now-defunct Washington Star. In 1980 he became a radio news commentator, working for National Public Radio (NPR).
Wilkins was the Robinson Professor of History and American Culture at George Mason University in Fairfax, Virginia until his retirement in 2007. During his tenure at George Mason, Wilkins was, arguably, one of the most preeminent professors in residence at that time. Wilkins was also the publisher of the NAACP's journal, The Crisis, and was the nephew of Roy Wilkins, a past executive director of the NAACP.
Wilkins resided in Washington, D.C., and was married to Patricia King, Professor of Law at Georgetown University.
Wilkins died on March 26, 2017 in Kensington, Maryland from complications of dementia, at the age of 85.[5]

Tuesday, March 28, 2017

A00693 - Don Hunstein, Photographer of Great Musicians

Don Hunstein (1928 – 18 March 2017) was an American photographer.
Glenn Gould, photographed by Don Hunstein
He studied at Washington University in St. Louis, graduating in 1950. Later he served in the United States Air Force in England. He returned to the United States in 1954 and settled in New York City. In 1955, Hunstein started working for Columbia Records.[1] He remained there until 1986.[2] Some of his photographs were published in 2013 book Keeping Time: The Photographs of Don Hunstein.[3] One of his best-known images is of Bob Dylan walking with Suze Rotolo: it was used for the cover of Dylan's album The Freewheelin' Bob Dylan.[4]
He died on 18 March 2017 at the age of 88.[5]

A00692 - Ahmed Kathrada, South African Anti-Apartheid Activist

Ahmed Mohamed Kathrada (21 August 1929 – 28 March 2017), sometimes known by the nickname "Kathy", was a South African politician, former political prisoner and anti-apartheid activist.
Kathrada's involvement in the anti-apartheid activities of the African National Congress (ANC) led him to his long-term imprisonment following the Rivonia Trial, in which he was held at Robben Island and Pollsmoor Prison. Following his release in 1990, he was elected to serve as a member of parliament, representing the ANC. He has authored a book, No Bread for Mandela- Memoirs of Ahmed Kathrada, Prisoner No. 468/64.

Early life[edit]

Kathrada was born in the small country town of Schweizer-Reneke in the Western Transvaal,[1] the fourth of six children in a Gujarati Bohra family of South African Indian immigrant parents from SuratGujarat.[2]
Owing to his Indian origin and the policies of the time, he could not be admitted to any of the "European" or "African" schools in the area and thus he had to move to Johannesburg, 200 miles to the east, to be educated.[3][4] Once in Johannesburg, he was influenced by leaders of the Transvaal Indian Congress such as Dr. Yusuf Dadoo, IC Meer, Moulvi and Yusuf Cachalia, and JN Singh.[1] Consequently, he became a political activist at the early age of 12 when he joined the Young Communist League of South Africa..[3] He took part in various activities such as handing out leaflets[4] and performing volunteer work in the individual passive resistance against the Pegging Act in 1941. During World War II, he was involved in the anti-war campaign of the Non-European United Front.[5]

Political activist[edit]

At the age of 17 he left school to work full-time for the Transvaal Passive Resistance Council in order to work against the Asiatic Land Tenure and Indian Representation Act, commonly referred to as the "Ghetto Act", which sought to give Indians limited political representation and defined the areas where Indians could live, trade and own land.
Kathrada was one of the two thousand volunteers imprisoned as a result of the campaign; he spent a month in a Durban jail.[1] This was his first jail sentence for civil disobedience. Reportedly, he gave an incorrect age to the police so that he would not be treated as a juvenile, but sent to an adult prison instead. Later, he was elected as secretary-general of the Transvaal Indian Youth Congress.
While Kathrada was a student at the University of the Witwatersrand he was sent as a delegate of the Transvaal Indian Youth Congress to the 3rd World Festival of Youth and Students in East Berlin in 1951.[6] He was elected as the leader of the large multi-racial South African delegation. He remained in Europe in order to attend a congress of the International Union of Students in Warsaw, and finally travelled to Budapest and worked at the headquarters of the World Federation of Democratic Youth for nine months.
As result of the growing co-operation between the African and Indian Congresses in the 1950s, Kathrada came into close contact with African National Congress leaders such as Nelson Mandela and Walter Sisulu he was one of 156 accused in the four-year Treason Trial which lasted from 1956 to 1960. Eventually, all of the accused were found not guilty.
After the ANC and various other anti-apartheid organisations were banned in 1960, Kathrada continued his political activities despite repeated detentions and increasingly severe house arrest measures against him. In order to be free to continue his activities, Kathrada went underground early in 1963.

Rivonia trial[edit]

On 11 July 1963, Kathrada was arrested at the South African internal headquarters of Umkhonto we Sizwe ("The Spear of the Nation" - the military wing of the ANC) in Rivonia, near Johannesburg. Although Kathrada was not a member of Umkhonto we Sizwe, he became one of the accused in the famous Rivonia Trial, which started in October 1963. He was charged with sabotage and attempting to overthrow the government by violent means.
The trial ended in June 1964; Kathrada was sentenced to life imprisonment along with Nelson MandelaWalter SisuluGovan MbekiAndrew MlangeniBilly NairElias MotsoalediRaymond Mhlaba and Denis Goldberg.

Imprisonment[edit]

For the following 18 years, Kathrada was confined to the Robben Island Maximum Security Prison along with most of his Rivonia Trial "colleagues". In October 1982, he was moved to Pollsmoor Maximum Prison near Cape Town to join others such as Mandela, Sisulu, Mhlaba and Mlangeni who had been moved there a few months before.
While in jail on Robben Island and in Pollsmoor, Kathrada completed Bachelor's degrees in History/Criminology and Bibliography as well as Honours degrees in History and African Politics through the University of South Africa. (The prison authorities refused to allow him or the other prisoners to pursue postgraduate studies.)
On 15 October 1989 Kathrada, along with Jeff Masemola, Raymond MhlabaBilly Nair, Wilton Mkwayi, Andrew MlangeniElias MotsoalediOscar Mpetha, and Walter Sisulu were released from Johannesburg prison.[7]

Activities after release[edit]

After the unbanning of the ANC in February 1990, Kathrada served on the interim leadership committees of both the ANC and the South African Communist Party. He resigned from the latter position when he was elected to the ANC National Executive Committee in July 1991. During the same year, he was appointed as head of ANC public relations as well as a fellow of the University of the Western Cape's Mayibuye Centre.
Kathrada went on the Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca in 1992.
In the first all-inclusive democratic South African elections in 1994, Kathrada was elected as a member of parliament for the ANC; in September 1994 he was appointed as the political advisor to President Mandela in the newly created post of Parliamentary Counsellor. In June 1999, Kathrada left parliamentary politics.
In 1994 and 1995, Kathrada was elected as chairperson of the Robben Island Council. He remained the chairperson of the Robben Island Museum Council. On 27 October 2013, on the island, he launched the International Campaign to Free Marwan Barghouthi and All Palestinian Prisoners.[8]
Kathrada's life partner was Barbara Hogan, a recent Minister of Public Enterprises.

Death[edit]

Kathrada died at a medical center in Johannesburg from complications of a cerebral embolism on 28 March 2017, aged 87.[9][10]

Honours and awards[edit]

In addition to receiving the Isitwalandwe Award (the ANC’s highest possible accolade) whilst still in prison, Kathrada has also been awarded four Honorary Doctorates, including the University of MissouriMichigan State University, and the University of Kentucky.[11]
Kathrada was also voted 46th in the Top 100 Great South Africans in 2004.
He was awarded the Pravasi Bharatiya Samman by the Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs in 2005.
He was the chief guest on Nelson Mandela International Day at the India International Center, where he shared his views with children.

Thursday, March 16, 2017

A00691 - Ben Jobe, Long-time Southern University Basketball Coach

Photo
Ben Jobe in 1993. Jobe led Southern University to the N.C.A.A. tournament four times — 1987, ’88, ’89 and ’93 — though they never made it past the second round. CreditTim Fitzgerald/Associated Press
Ben Jobe, a coach who turned Southern University into one of the highest-scoring college basketball programs in the nation and led them to an upset victory over Georgia Tech in the 1993 N.C.A.A. tournament, died on March 10 at his home in Montgomery, Ala. He was 84.
His daughter, Gina Bené Jobe Ishman, said the cause was complications of lung cancer.
Jobe joined Southern University, a historically black college in Baton Rouge, La., in 1986 and coached the team for 12 seasons. He was a protégé of John McLendon, a Hall of Fame black coach in the Jim Crow era who studied basketball under its inventor, Dr. James Naismith.
Like McLendon, Jobe favored a rapid-fire offense, demanding that in every game his Jaguars shoot every eight seconds, take at least 93 shots and try to score more than 100 points. His teams responded, leading the nation in scoring for three seasons and earning them the nickname the “runnin’ and gunnin’ Jaguars.” Jobe once admitted that the games could become so one-sided that he took catnaps on occasion.
Jobe had a 208-142 career record at Southern and coached future professional players like Bobby Phills and Avery Johnson. (Johnson went on to coach in the N.B.A. and, today, at the University of Alabama.)
Jobe’s best season was in 1989-90, when the Jaguars went 25-6. He led them to the N.C.A.A. tournament four times — 1987, ’88, ’89 and ’93 — though they never made it past the second round.
In 1992-93, the team averaged 97 points per game and won by an average of 24. The Jaguars went on to beat fourth-seeded Georgia Tech, 93-78, in the first round of the 1993 N.C.A.A. tournament, but lost in the second round to George Washington University, 90-80.
The Jaguars have reached the tournament three times since Jobe stepped down, in 2003, but have never made it past the first round.
Jobe saw himself as an educator as well as a coach. He tried to instill character in his players, he said, and could be stern when they did not live up to his standards. Players could not wear jewelry, for example, and they had to speak properly on the court and, ideally, off it.
Photo
Avery Johnson, right, with Jobe, his former coach, in Alabama in 2015. CreditButch Dill/Associated Press
“I want my players to be Superman on the court, and then go back to class and be Clark Kent,” he told The St. Louis Post-Dispatch in 1997.
Jobe was outspoken about racism — firm in saying that it should not be invoked as an excuse for poor behavior, but quick to call it out when he saw it. He did so in an ESPN documentary, “Black Magic” (2008), which told the story of African-American basketball players and coaches at historically black colleges during the civil rights era.
Jobe was especially frustrated by the praise Duke University received in the late 1970s for the fast-break style that the Blue Devils, like Jobe, had adapted from McLendon.
“Duke did it, it was genius,” Jobe said in the documentary. “We did it, it’s jungle ball.”
Black Magic:Basketball: ESPN Video by 63kj
Ben Jobe, the youngest of 16 children, was born on March 2, 1933, in Nashville, Tenn. His parents, Arthur Jobe and the former Mary Davis, were poor sharecroppers.
Jobe played point guard at what was then Pearl High School in Nashville, then went to historically black Fisk University on an academic scholarship. He received a bachelor’s degree in health and physical education in 1956, then coached high school basketball before traveling to Africa to coach different sports at a junior college.
After returning to the United States in the early 1960s, he earned a master’s degree from Tennessee State University, in 1963. He was working toward a doctorate at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, but left because of what he saw as a toxic racial atmosphere on the campus.
Jobe was head coach at the University of Denver for a time and was briefly an assistant coach with the Denver Nuggets of the N.B.A. and with Georgia Tech and the University of South Carolina. But he spent much of his career at historically black colleges and universities; besides Southern, he coached at South Carolina State, Tuskegee and Alabama A&M, among others.
Jobe left Southern for Tuskegee after the 1995-96 season, when the team went 17-11. He was replaced by Tommy Green, who coached until Jobe returned in 2001. He retired for good in 2003, and some years later worked as a scout for the Knicks.
Besides his daughter, he is survived by his wife, the former Regina Williams, whom he married in 1969; a son, Bryan; a brother, Joseph; three grandchildren, and one great-grandson.
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Ben W. Jobe (March 2, 1933 – March 10, 2017) was an American men's basketball coach. He was best known as the head coach of the Southern University Jaguars – a position he held for 12 years. He has also been head coach of the men's college basketball teams at Tuskegee UniversityTalladega CollegeAlabama State UniversitySouth Carolina State UniversityUniversity of Denver and Alabama A&M University. Jobe has also served as assistant coach at the University of South CarolinaGeorgia Tech, and briefly served as an assistant with the NBA's Denver Nuggets.[1]

Early career[edit]

Ben Jobe was raised in Nashville, Tennessee. He attended Pearl High School in Nashville where he was a successful basketball player. In 1950, Jobe earned all-district and all-state honors and was then named to the 1951 all-national high school team.
Jobe then enrolled at Fisk University, earning All-Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Conference honors during his junior and senior seasons. He earned a bachelor's degree from Fisk in 1956 and later went on to earn a master's degree from Tennessee State University. In 1958, Jobe began his coaching career at Cameron High School in Nashville, Tennessee. His first (and only) Cameron team won 24 games, a school record. After the season was over, Jobe decided to move to Sierra Leone, West Africa, to coach a junior college basketball team. Jobe's coaching had a quick effect: his teams posted back-to-back undefeated seasons.[2]
Jobe returned to the United States and began coaching at Talladega College in Alabama, a position which he held for three years.

Coach of Southern University Jaguars[edit]

Ben Jobe took the helm of the Southern University Jaguars in 1986. He stayed on until 1996. He returned again to Southern in 2001 for two more seasons, retiring completely from college basketball in 2003. In 12 years at Southern, Jobe compiled a 209-141 record, led the Jaguars to the NCAA tournament four times, went to the National Invitational Tournament (NIT) once, won five Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Conference Championships, won 11 Southwestern Athletic Conference Championships.
Perhaps his most memorable moment as a college basketball coach was the Jaguars' 93-78 win over the then ACC Champions, Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets, during the first round of the 1993 NCAA Tournament in Tucson, Arizona.
Jobe coached former San Antonio Spurs star guard (former coach of the Brooklyn Nets and Dallas MavericksAvery Johnson and late Charlotte Hornets player Bobby Phills.
Upon his retirement from Southern in 2003, Jobe had accumulated 524 wins as a head coach in college basketball spread among 8 teams over 31 seasons (a 0.611 win percentage).[citation needed]

Personal life[edit]

Jobe and his wife Regina have two adult children, Bryan and Gina.[3]
Jobe died on March 10, 2017.[4]

Head coaching record[edit]

SeasonTeamOverallConferenceStandingPostseason
Talladega Tornadoes (NAIA Independent) (1964–1967)
1964–65Talladega14–8
1965–66Talladega17–6
1966–67Talladega14–7
Talladega:45–21
Alabama State Hornets (Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Conference) (1967–1968)
1967–68Alabama State18–77–5T–6th
Alabama State:18–77–5
South Carolina State Bulldogs (Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Conference) (1968–1971)
1968–69South Carolina State20–514–3
1969–70South Carolina State21–711–4NAIA First Round
1970–71South Carolina State20–712–9
South Carolina State Bulldogs (Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference) (1971–1973)
1971–72South Carolina State15–116–65th
1972–73South Carolina State17–143–9T–5th
South Carolina State:93–4446–31
Denver Pioneers (NCAA Division I Independent) (1978–1980)
1978–79Denver15–12
1979–80Denver18–9
Denver:33–21
Alabama A&M Bulldogs (Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Conference) (1982–1986)
1982–83Alabama A&M18–912–41st
1983–84Alabama A&M21–89–32nd
1984–85Alabama A&M21–1011–5T–1stNCAA D-II Regional Fourth Place
1985–86Alabama A&M23–912–41stNCAA D-II Regional Fourth Place
Alabama A&M:83–3644–16
Southern Jaguars (Southwestern Athletic Conference) (1986–1996)
1986–87Southern19–129–5T–2ndNCAA D-I First Round
1987–88Southern24–712–21stNCAA D-I First Round
1988–89Southern20–1110–4T–1stNCAA D-I First Round
1989–90Southern25–612–21stNIT First Round
1990–91Southern19–98–42nd
1991–92Southern18–129–53rd
1992–93Southern21–109–5T–2ndNCAA D-I Second Round
1993–94Southern16–118–64th
1994–95Southern13–137–7T–4th
1995–96Southern17–118–53rd
Southern (first):192–10292–45
Tuskegee Golden Tigers (Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Conference) (1996–2000)
1996–97Tuskegee7–202–146th (West)
1997–98Tuskegee8–194–104th (West)
1998–99Tuskegee15–139–73rd (West)
1999–00Tuskegee7–175–129th
Tuskegee:37–6920–43
Southern Jaguars (Southwestern Athletic Conference) (2001–2003)
2001–02Southern7–206–129th
2002–03Southern9–205–138th
Southern (second):16–4011–25
Southern (both):208–142103–70
Total:
      National champion         Postseason invitational champion  
      Conference regular season champion         Conference regular season and conference tournament champion
      Division regular season champion       Division regular season and conference tournament champion
      Conference tournament champion